Duty to provide information in accordance with Section 5 of E-Commerce Law, Section 14 of Austrian Business Law, Section 63 of Commercial Law and disclosure requirements under Section 25 of Media Law.
vibes & shapes
Ing. Ines Barbara Ritter
Object of the company: graphic design
Legal form: one-man business
Fax: +43 134242926453
Business membership: WKO OÖ.
Authority according to ECG: Bezirkshauptmannschaft Linz
In accordance with the Ordinance on Online Dispute Resolution in Consumer Affairs (ODR Ordinance), we would like to inform you about the online dispute settlement platform (OS platform).
Consumers can submit complaints to the European Commission’s online dispute resolution platform at http://ec.europa.eu/odr?tid=221099172. You can find the necessary contact details above in our imprint.
However, we would like to point out that we are not willing or obliged to participate in dispute resolution proceedings in front of a consumer arbitration board.
Liability for the content of this website
We continuously develop the content of this website and strive to provide correct and current information. Unfortunately, we cannot accept any liability for the correctness of all content on this website, especially for those provided by third parties.
If you notice problematic or illegal content, please contact us immediately. You will find the contact details in the imprint.
Liability for links on this website
Our website contains links to other websites whose content we are not responsible for. Liability for linked websites does not exist for us according to § 17 ECG, since we had no knowledge of illegal activities and we have not noticed any such illegal activities so far and we would remove links immediately if we became aware of illegal activities.
If you notice any illegal links on our website, please contact us, you will find the contact details in the imprint.
All contents of this website (pictures, photos, texts, videos) are subject to copyright. If necessary, we will legally prosecute the unauthorized use of parts of the content on our site.
The images, photos and graphics on this website are protected by copyright.
The image rights belong to the following photographers and companies:
- Ing. Ines Ritter (all artwork such as graphic designs and photographs on goods)
- www.istockphoto.com, Creative Market, Social Squares (Photos for product presentations/mockups)
Our website uses HTTP cookies to store user-specific data.
Below we explain what cookies are and why they are used so that you can better understand the following data protection declaration.
What exactly are cookies?
Whenever you surf the Internet, you use a browser. Well-known browsers include Chrome, Safari, Firefox, Internet Explorer and Microsoft Edge. Most websites store small text files in your browser. These files are called cookies.
Cookies store certain user data from you, such as language or personal page settings. When you visit our site again, your browser transmits the “user-related” information back to our site. Thanks to cookies, our website knows who you are and offers you your usual standard setting. In some browsers, each cookie has its own file; in others, such as Firefox, all cookies are stored in a single file.
There are both first-party cookies and third-party cookies. First-party cookies are created directly by our website, third-party cookies are created by partner websites (e.g. Google Analytics). Each cookie is to be assessed individually, since each cookie stores different data. The expiration time of a cookie also varies from a few minutes to a few years. Cookies are not software programs and do not contain viruses, Trojans or other “pests”. Cookies also cannot access information from your PC.
For example, cookie data can look like this:
- Name: _ga
- Expiration time: 2 years
- Usage: Differentiation of website visitors
- Exemplary value: GA1.2.1326744211.152221099172
A browser should support the following minimum sizes:
- A cookie should contain at least 4096 bytes
- At least 50 cookies should be saved per domain
- A total of at least 3000 cookies should be saved
What types of cookies are there?
The question of which cookies we use in particular depends on the services used and is clarified in the following sections of the data protection declaration. At this point we would like to briefly discuss the different types of HTTP cookies.
There are 4 types of cookies:
Strictly necessary cookies
These cookies are necessary to ensure basic functions of the website. For example, these cookies are required if a user places a product in the shopping cart, then surfs on other pages and only later checks out. These cookies do not delete the shopping cart, even if the user closes his browser window.
These cookies collect informations about user behavior and whether the user receives any error messages. In addition, these cookies also measure the loading time and behavior of the website in different browsers.
These cookies ensure better usability. For example, entered locations, font sizes or form data are saved.
These cookies are also called targeting cookies. They serve to deliver customized advertising to the user. This can be very practical, but it can also be very annoying.
When you visit a website for the first time, you are usually asked which of these types of cookies you would like to allow. And of course this decision is also saved in a cookie.
How can I delete cookies?
If you want to determine which cookies have been saved in your browser, if you want to change or delete cookie settings, you can find this in your browser settings:
Chrome: delete, activate and manage cookies in Chrome
Safari: Manage cookies and website data with Safari
Firefox: delete cookies to remove data that websites have stored on your computer
Internet Explorer: delete and manage cookies
Microsoft Edge: delete and manage cookies
If you basically do not want cookies, you can set up your browser so that it always informs you when a cookie is to be set. With each individual cookie you can decide whether you want to allow the cookie or not. The procedure differs depending on the browser. It is best to search for the instructions in Google with the search term “Delete cookies Chrome” or “Deactivate cookies Chrome” in the case of a Chrome browser or exchange the word “Chrome” for the name of your browser, e.g. Edge, Firefox, Safari.
What about my data protection?
If you want to know more about cookies and do not shy away from technical documentation, we recommend https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6265, the Request for Comments by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) called “HTTP State Management Mechanism”.
Evaluation of visitor behavior
In the following data protection declaration we inform you whether and how we evaluate data from your visit to this website. The data collected is usually evaluated anonymously, and we cannot conclude that you are a person from your behavior on this website.
You can find out more about the possibilities to object to this evaluation of the visit data in the following data protection declaration.
TLS encryption with https
We use https to transmit data securely on the Internet (data protection through technology design Article 25 paragraph 1 GDPR). By using TLS (Transport Layer Security), an encryption protocol for secure data transmission over the Internet, we can ensure the protection of confidential data. You can recognize the use of this data protection by the small lock symbol in the top left of the browser and the use of the https scheme (instead of http) as part of our Internet address.
Newsletter data protection declaration
When you sign up for our newsletter, you provide the above data, your first name and email address and give us the right to contact you by email. We use the data stored as part of the registration for the newsletter exclusively for our newsletter and do not pass it on.
If you unsubscribe from the newsletter – you will find the link for this at the bottom of every newsletter – we will delete all data that was saved when you subscribed to the newsletter.
We send newsletters with MailChimp and use the functions of the newsletter service MailChimp of The Rocket Science Group, LLC, 675 Ponce de Leon Ave NE, Suite 5000, Atlanta, GA 30308 USA on this website to record newsletter registrations.
General information about MailChimp
Newsletter Sign up
If you register for our newsletter on our website, the data entered will be saved at MailChimp.
Deletion of your data
You can withdraw your consent to receive our newsletter at any time within the email you received by clicking on the link in the lower area. If you have unsubscribed by clicking on the unsubscribe link, your data will be deleted from MailChimp.
When you receive a newsletter via MailChimp, information such as IP address, browser type and email program are saved to give us information about the performance of our newsletter. MailChimp can determine whether the email has arrived, whether it has been opened and whether links have been clicked, using the images included in the HTML emails called Web Beacons (details can be found on https://kb.mailchimp.com/reports/about-open-tracking). All this information is stored on the MailChimp servers, not on this website.
On this website we use Google Analytics from Google LLC (1600 Amphitheatre Parkway Mountain View, CA 94043, USA) to statistically evaluate visitor data. Google Analytics uses target-oriented cookies.
Google Analytics cookies
- Expiry time: 2 years
- Use: Differentiation of website visitors
- Exemplary value: GA1.2.1326744211.152221099172
- Expiry time: 24 hours
- Use: Differentiation of website visitors
- Exemplary value: GA1.2.1687193234.152221099172
- Expiry time: 1 minute
- Use: Used to throttle the request rate. If Google Analytics is provided via Google Tag Manager, this cookie is given the name _dc_gtm_ <property-id>.
- Exemplary value: 1
Our concern within the meaning of the GDPR is the improvement of our offer and our website. Since the privacy of our users is important to us, the user data is pseudonymized. The data processing takes place on the basis of the legal provisions of § 96 Paragraph 3 TKG and Art 6 EU GDPR Paragraph 1 lit a (consent) and / or f (legitimate interest) of the GDPR.
Deactivation of data collection by Google Analytics
You can prevent Google from collecting the data generated by the cookie and relating to your use of the website and from processing this data by Google by downloading and installing the browser plug-in available under the following link: https://tools.google.com/dlpage/gaoptout?hl=de
Google Analytics add-on for data processing
We have concluded a direct customer contract for the use of Google Analytics with Google by accepting the “Addition to data processing” in Google Analytics.
You can find out more about the add-on for data processing for Google Analytics here:
Rights under the General Data Protection Regulation
According to the provisions of the GDPR and the Austrian Data Protection Act (DSG) you have the following basic rights:
- Right to rectification (Article 16 GDPR)
- Right to erasure (“right to be forgotten”) (Article 17 GDPR)
- Right to restriction of processing (Article 18 GDPR)
- Right to notification – notification obligation in connection with the correction or deletion of personal data or the restriction of processing (Article 19 GDPR)
- Right to data portability (Article 20 GDPR)
- Right to object (Article 21 GDPR)
- Right not to be subject to a decision based solely on automated processing – including profiling (Article 22 GDPR)
If you believe that the processing of your data violates data protection law or your data protection claims have otherwise been violated in any way, you can complain to the supervisory authority, which is the data protection authority in Austria, whose website you can visit at https://www.dsb.gv.at/.
We have written this data protection declaration (version 02.08.2019-221099172) in order to explain to you in accordance with the requirements of the General Data Protection Regulation (EU) 2016/679 and the Data Protection Act (DSG) what information we collect, how we use data and what decision options you as a visitor to this website have.
Unfortunately, it is in the nature of things that these explanations sound very technical. However, we tried to describe the most important things as simply and clearly as possible.
Google Analytics reports on demographics and interests
We have activated the functions for advertising reports in Google Analytics. Demographics and interests reports include age, gender, and interests. This enables us to get a better picture of our users without being able to assign this data to individual people. You can find out more about the advertising functions at https://support.google.com/analytics/answer/3450482?hl=de_AT&utm_id=ad.
You can stop using the activities and information of your Google account under “Settings for advertising” on https://adssettings.google.com/authenticated using the checkbox.
Automatic data storage
When you visit websites these days, certain information is automatically created and saved, including on this website.
If you visit our website as you are now, our web server (computer on which this website is stored) automatically stores data such as
- the address (URL) of the website accessed
- Browser and browser version
- the operating system used
- the address (URL) of the previously visited page (referrer URL)
- the host name and the IP address of the device from which it is accessed
- Date and Time
in files (web server log files).
Usually web server log files are saved for two weeks and then automatically deleted. We do not pass on this data, but we cannot rule out that this data will be viewed in the event of illegal behavior.
Storage of personal data
Personal data that you transmit to us electronically on this website, such as name, email address, address or other personal information in the context of the transmission of a form or comments in the blog, will be collected by us together with the time and the IP address. Address used only for the specified purpose, kept safe and not passed on to third parties.
We therefore use your personal data only for communication with those visitors who expressly request contact and for the processing of the services and products offered on this website. We will not pass on your personal data without consent, but we cannot rule out that this data will be viewed in the event of illegal behavior.
If you send us personal data by e-mail – thus outside of this website – we cannot guarantee secure transmission and protection of your data. We recommend that you never send confidential data unencrypted by email.
We integrate elements of social media services on our website to display images, videos and texts.
By visiting pages that represent these elements, data is transferred from your browser to the respective social media service and stored there. We have no access to this data.
The following links lead you to the pages of the respective social media services where it is explained how they handle your data:
We use functions of Facebook, a social media network of the company Facebook Ireland Ltd., 4 Grand Canal Square, Grand Canal Harbor, Dublin 2 Ireland, on this website.
You can find out which functions (social plug-ins) Facebook provides at https://developers.facebook.com/docs/plugins/.
By visiting our website, information can be transmitted to Facebook. If you have a Facebook account, Facebook can assign this data to your personal account. If you do not want this, please log out of Facebook.
The data protection guidelines, what information Facebook collects and how you use it can be found at https://www.facebook.com/policy.php.
We use functions of Twitter on this website, a social network of Twitter International Company, One Cumberland Place, Fenian Street, Dublin 2 D02 AX07, Ireland.
This means that personal data can also be transferred to Twitter. We do not monitor this data exchange and do not save anything about it.
If you want to know more about the use of your data by Twitter, you can find all information in the Twitter data policy at https://twitter.com/de/privacy.
If you have a Twitter account, you can change your data protection settings in the account settings at https://twitter.com/settings/account.
We use functions of the social media network Instagram from Instagram LLC, 1601 Willow Rd, Menlo Park CA 94025, USA on our website.
With the functions for embedding Instagram content (embed function) we can display pictures and videos.
By calling up pages that use such functions, data (IP address, browser data, date, time, cookies) are transmitted to Instagram, stored and evaluated.
If you have an Instagram account and are logged in, this data will be assigned to your personal account and the data stored in it.
You can find the data protection guidelines, what information Instagram collects and how they use it on https://help.instagram.com/519522125107875.
We use buttons and widgets from the Pinterest social media network, Pinterest Inc., 808 Brannan Street, San Francisco, CA 94103, USA on our website.
By calling up pages that use such functions, data (IP address, browser data, date and time, cookies) are transmitted to Pinterest, stored and evaluated.
We use Google Fonts from Google Inc. (1600 Amphitheater Parkway Mountain View, CA 94043, USA) on our website.
You do not have to log in or enter a password to use Google fonts. Furthermore, no cookies are stored in your browser. The files (CSS, fonts / fonts) are requested via the Google domains fonts.googleapis.com and fonts.gstatic.com. According to Google, requests for CSS and fonts are completely separate from all other Google services. If you have a Google account, you do not need to worry that your Google account information will be transmitted to Google while you are using Google Fonts. Google records the use of CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) and the fonts used and stores this data securely. We will take a closer look at what the data storage looks like in detail.
What are Google fonts?
Google Fonts (formerly Google Web Fonts) is an interactive directory with more than 800 fonts that Google LLC provides for free use.
Many of these fonts are released under the SIL Open Font License, while others are released under the Apache license. Both are free software licenses. So we can use them freely without paying license fees.
Why do we use Google Fonts on our website?
With Google Fonts we can use fonts on our own website and do not have to upload them to our own server. Google Fonts is an important building block to keep the quality of our website high. All Google fonts are automatically optimized for the web and this saves data volume and is a great advantage especially for use with mobile devices. When you visit our site, the small file size ensures a fast loading time. Furthermore, Google Fonts are so-called secure web fonts. Different image synthesis systems (rendering) in different browsers, operating systems and mobile devices can lead to errors. Such errors can partially distort texts or entire websites. Thanks to the fast content delivery network (CDN), there are no cross-platform problems with Google Fonts. Google Fonts supports all common browsers (Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Apple Safari, Opera) and works reliably on most modern mobile operating systems, including Android 2.2+ and iOS 4.2+ (iPhone, iPad, iPod). We use Google Fonts so that we can present our entire online service as nicely and consistently as possible.
What data does Google store?
When you visit our website, the fonts are downloaded via a Google server. This external call transfers data to the Google server. In this way, Google also recognizes that you or your IP address is visiting our website. The Google Fonts API was developed to reduce the collection, storage and use of end-user data to what is necessary for the efficient provision of fonts. Incidentally, API stands for “Application Programming Interface” and serves, among other things, as a data transmitter in the software area.
Google Fonts stores CSS and font requests securely with Google and is therefore protected. Google can determine the popularity of the fonts from the collected usage figures. Google publishes the results on internal analysis sites, such as Google Analytics. Google also uses data from its own web crawler to determine which websites use Google fonts. This data is published in the Google Fonts BigQuery database. BigQuery is a web service from Google for companies that want to move and analyze large amounts of data.
However, it should also be borne in mind that with every Google Font request, information such as IP address, language settings, screen resolution of the browser, version of the browser and name of the browser are automatically transferred to the Google server. Whether this data is also stored is not clearly ascertainable or is not clearly communicated by Google.
How long and where is the data stored?
Google stores requests for CSS assets on your servers, which are mainly located outside the EU, for a day. This enables us to use the fonts using a Google stylesheet. A stylesheet is a format template that you can use to quickly and easily, e.g. can change the design or font of a website.
The font files are saved by Google for one year. Google’s goal is to fundamentally improve the loading time of websites. If millions of websites refer to the same fonts, they are cached after the first visit and reappear immediately on all other websites visited later. Sometimes Google updates font files to reduce file size, increase language coverage, and improve design.
How can I delete my data or prevent data storage?
The data that Google stores for a day or a year cannot simply be deleted. The data is automatically transmitted to Google when the page is called up. To be able to delete this data prematurely, you must contact Google Support at https://support.google.com/?hl=de&tid=221099172. In this case, you only prevent data storage if you do not visit our website.
Unlike other web fonts, Google allows us unrestricted access to all fonts. So we can have unlimited access to a sea of fonts and get the most out of our website. You can find more about Google Fonts and other questions at https://developers.google.com/fonts/faq?tid=221099172. Although Google deals with data protection-related matters there, it does not contain any really detailed information about data storage. It is relatively difficult (almost impossible) to get really accurate information about stored data from Google.
You can also find out which data is basically collected by Google and what this data is used for at https://www.google.com/intl/de/policies/privacy/.
We use the Facebook Pixel from Facebook, a social media network of Facebook Ireland Ltd., 4 Grand Canal Square, Grand Canal Harbor, Dublin 2 Ireland, on this website.
The code implemented on this page can evaluate the behavior of visitors who have reached this website from Facebook advertising. This can be used to improve Facebook advertisements and this data is collected and stored by Facebook. The data collected is not visible to us but can only be used in the context of advertising. Cookies are also set by using the Facebook pixel code.
By using the Facebook pixel, the visit to this website is communicated to Facebook so that visitors can see suitable advertisements on Facebook. If you have a Facebook account and are logged in, your visit to this website will be assigned to your Facebook user account.
You can find out how the Facebook pixel is used for advertising campaigns at https://www.facebook.com/business/learn/facebook-ads-pixel.
You can change your settings for advertisements in Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/ads/preferences/?entry_product=ad_settings_screen, provided you are logged in to Facebook. At http://www.youronlinechoices.com/de/praferenzmanagement/ you can manage your preferences regarding usage-based online advertising. There you can deactivate or activate many providers at once or make the settings for individual providers.
You can find more information on Facebook’s data policy at https://www.facebook.com/policy.php.
Google reCAPTCHA data protection declaration
Our primary goal is that our website is as safe and secure as possible for you and for us. To ensure this, we use Google reCAPTCHA from Google Inc. (1600 Amphitheater Parkway Mountain View, CA 94043, USA). With reCAPTCHA we can determine whether you are really a flesh and blood person and not a robot or other spam software. We understand spam to mean any electronically undesirable information that we receive without being asked. With the classic CAPTCHAS, you usually had to solve text or picture puzzles to check. With reCAPTCHA from Google, we usually don’t have to bother you with such puzzles. In most cases it is sufficient to simply tick the box and confirm that you are not a bot. With the new Invisible reCAPTCHA version you don’t even have to tick the box. You can find out exactly how this works and, above all, what data is used for this in the course of this data protection declaration.
What is reCAPTCHA?
Why do we use reCAPTCHA on our website?
We only want to welcome flesh-and-blood people on our website. Bots or spam software of all kinds can safely stay at home. That is why we do everything we can to protect ourselves and to offer you the best possible user-friendliness. For this reason, we use Google reCAPTCHA from Google. So we can be pretty sure that we will remain a “bot-free” website. By using reCAPTCHA, data is transmitted to Google, which Google uses to determine whether you really are human. reCAPTCHA thus serves the security of our website and subsequently also your security. For example, without reCAPTCHA, it could happen that a bot registers as many e-mail addresses as possible when registering, in order to subsequently “spam” forums or blogs with unwanted advertising content. With reCAPTCHA we can avoid such bot attacks.
What data does reCAPTCHA store?
ReCAPTCHA collects personal data from users to determine whether the actions on our website really come from people. So the IP address and other data that Google needs for the reCAPTCHA service can be sent to Google. Within the member states of the EU or other contracting states of the Agreement on the European Economic Area, IP addresses are almost always shortened before the data ends up on a server in the USA. The IP address will not be combined with other Google data unless you are logged in with your Google account while using reCAPTCHA. First, the reCAPTCHA algorithm checks whether Google cookies from other Google services (YouTube, Gmail, etc.) have already been placed on your browser. Then reCAPTCHA sets an additional cookie in your browser and takes a snapshot of your browser window.
The following list of collected browser and user data is not exhaustive. Rather, they are examples of data that we understand to be processed by Google.
- Referrer URL (the address of the page the visitor comes from)
- IP address (e.g. 2220.127.116.11)
- Information about the operating system (the software that enables your computer to operate. Known operating systems are Windows, Mac OS X or Linux)
- Cookies (small text files that save data in your browser)
- Mouse and keyboard behavior (every action you take with the mouse or keyboard is saved)
- Date and language settings (which language or which date you have preset on your PC is saved)
- Screen resolution (shows how many pixels the image display consists of)
It is undisputed that Google uses and analyzes this data even before you click on the checkmark “I am not a robot”. With the Invisible reCAPTCHA version, there is even no ticking and the entire recognition process runs in the background. How much and what data Google stores is not known from Google in detail.
The following cookies are used by reCAPTCHA: Here we refer to the reCAPTCHA demo version from Google: https://www.google.com/recaptcha/api2/demo. All of these cookies require a unique identifier for tracking purposes. Here is a list of cookies that Google reCAPTCHA has set on the demo version:
Expiration time: after a year
Use: This cookie is set by the company DoubleClick (also belongs to Google) in order to register and report the actions of a user on the website in dealing with advertisements. In this way, the advertising effectiveness can be measured and appropriate optimization measures can be taken. IDE is saved in browsers under the domain doubleclick.net.
Example value: WqTUmlnmv_qXyi_DGNPLESKnRNrpgXoy1K-pAZtAkMbHI-221099172
Expiration time: after a month
Use: This cookie collects website usage statistics and measures conversions. A conversion occurs, for example, when a user becomes a buyer. The cookie is also used to display relevant advertisements to users. Furthermore, the cookie can prevent a user from seeing the same ad more than once.
Example value: 2019-5-14-12
Expiration time: after 9 months
Use: We could not get much information about this cookie. In Google’s data protection declaration, the cookie is used in connection with “advertising cookies” such as B. “DSID”, “FLC”, “AID”, “TAID” mentioned. ANID is stored under the domain google.com.
Example value: U7j1v3dZa2210991720xgZFmiqWppRWKOr
Expiration time: after 19 years
Use: The cookie stores the status of a user’s consent to the use of various Google services. CONSENT also serves security to check users, prevent fraudulent credentials and protect user data from unauthorized attacks.
Example value: YES+AT.de+20150628-20-0
Expiration time: after 6 months
Use: NID is used by Google to adapt advertisements to your Google search. With the help of cookies, Google “remembers” your most frequently entered search queries or your previous interaction with advertisements. So you always get tailor-made advertisements. The cookie contains a unique ID that Google uses to collect the user’s personal settings for advertising purposes.
Example value: 0WmuWqy221099172zILzqV_nmt3sDXwPeM5Q
Expiration time: after 10 minutes
Use: As soon as you have checked the “I am not a robot” check mark, this cookie is set. The cookie is used by Google Analytics for personalized advertising. DV collects information in anonymous form and is also used to make user distinctions.
Example value: gEAABBCjJMXcI0dSAAAANbqc221099172
Note: This list cannot claim to be complete, as experience has shown that Google constantly changes the choice of cookies.
How long and where is the data stored?
By inserting reCAPTCHA, data is transferred from you to the Google server. Where exactly this data is stored is not clearly shown by Google, even after repeated requests. Without having received confirmation from Google, it can be assumed that data such as mouse interaction, length of stay on the website or language settings on the European or American Google- Servers are saved. The IP address that your browser transmits to Google is generally not merged with other Google data from other Google services. However, if you are logged into your Google account while using the reCAPTCHA plug-in, the data will be merged. The different data protection regulations of Google apply.
How can I delete my data or prevent data storage?
If you want no data about you and your behavior to be transmitted to Google, you must log out of Google completely and delete all Google cookies before visiting our website or using the reCAPTCHA software. Basically, the data is automatically transmitted to Google as soon as you visit our website. To delete this data again, you must contact Google Support at https://support.google.com/?hl=de&tid=221099172.
If you use our website, you agree that Google LLC and its representatives automatically collect, edit and use data.
You can find out more about reCAPTCHA on Google’s web developer page at https://developers.google.com/recaptcha/. Google goes into the technical development of reCAPTCHA in more detail here, but you won’t find any precise information about data storage and data protection-related issues there either. A good overview of the basic use of data at Google can be found in the in-house data protection declaration https://www.google.com/intl/de/policies/privacy/.
(The english version on hand is a translation from the original german version.)